Volume 6 , Issue 3 , September 2021 , Pages: 18 - 25
Investigation of Alignment Effects of Neutron and Proton Pairs in High Spin States of Band Crossing for 159,160Sm Isotopes Using Projected Shell Model (PSM)
Mohammad Reza Pahlavani, Department of Physics, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
Malihe Teimoori, Department of Physics, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
Received: Sep. 14, 2021;       Accepted: Oct. 11, 2021;       Published: Oct. 28, 2021
DOI: 10.11648/j.ns.20210603.11        View        Downloads  
Energy spectrum of nucleus is one the important information for better recognition of nuclear force and interaction of nucleon inside of the nucleus. Energy levels of nucleus are measured by detecting gamma- ray energy spectrum when a target nucleus bombarded with a special projectile to excite it in to levels higher than ground state. On the other hand, there are several models to calculate nuclear energy levels. Solution of the Schrödinger equation by considering a suitable potential is direct method to obtain energy levels of a quantum mechanical system like nucleus. Projected shell model is a model of this type that is developed by solving the Schrödinger equation for a set of potentials along with role of spin. Band structure and yrast bands for even-even and odd-even isotopes of Samarium (159,160Sm) are calculated using a Fortran code founded based on the projected shell model (PSM). Energy levels of negative and positive parity bands of 159Sm and 160Sm isotopes of Samarium nucleus are obtained separately for each spin. Kinetic and dynamic moments of inertias are also calculated for these isotopes. The acquired results are compared with the experimental data. The electromagnetic reduced transition probabilities, B(M1)/B(E2) the behavior of dynamic moment of inertia J2, rotational kinetic energy and moment of inertia J1 as a function of spin have also been investigated and proper comparison is made between the calculated results and the experimental data. The alignment phenomena of neutron-proton pairs in view of the rotational movement in high spin states has also been studied with reference to band crossing.
Electromagnetic Reduced Transition Ratio, PSM, Moment of Inertia, Rotational Alignment
To cite this article
Mohammad Reza Pahlavani, Malihe Teimoori, Investigation of Alignment Effects of Neutron and Proton Pairs in High Spin States of Band Crossing for 159,160Sm Isotopes Using Projected Shell Model (PSM), Nuclear Science. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2021, pp. 18-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ns.20210603.11
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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